The nature of all ruling classes and harmful organizational leaderships is their central organizational position in star networks of people.
Whether societies and organizations are equal or unequal depend on whether their human relationships form star networks or mesh networks.
Ruling classes come in many forms, and so do harmful organizational leaderships. What they all have in common is many people seem to rely on them. The masses always outnumber these numerically small ruling figures, but the masses always seem never able to get together, always more powerfully connected and reliant on those above them, than connected with each other. They are fragmented and atomized despite being in each other’s presence, a paradoxical “lonely crowd.” This is definitional to disempowerment.
How do capitalists figure into this? Doesn’t their power rely on economic advantage rather than social interconnectedness? These two things are interconnected and mutually reinforce each other. Succeeding in business is about social connections. Social connectedness leads to being a broker of business, increasingly one who capitalizes on transactions, and ultimately a capitalist. Capitalists are literally middle-men in business, placing themselves between creation of value/commodities through labor and its sale on the market, and they exist at the middle of networks. Obviously feudal and bureaucratic ruling classes also rely heavily on directly social interconnectedness, in their ability to remain at the top of networks of people.
If the masses connected to each other, the illusion of reliance on the few rulers/leaders would be broken, and the masses could reconstitute society based on their own organizing.
Liberated societies and democratic organizations are defined by cultures where the population and membership has established networks of relationships independent of the traditional centers of control, enabling any dominating figure to be circumvented. In place of reliance on central figures is collective and cooperative self-management by the masses through a mesh network.